Gay and lesbain social movements
Gay rights movement , also called homosexual rights movement or gay liberation movement , civil rights movement that advocates equal rights for gay men, lesbians, bisexuals, and transgender persons; seeks to eliminate sodomy laws barring homosexual acts between consenting adults; and calls for an end to discrimination against gay men, lesbians, and transgender persons in employment, credit, housing, public accommodations, and other areas of life. Religious admonitions against sexual relations between same-sex individuals particularly men long stigmatized such behaviour, but most legal codes in Europe were silent on the subject of homosexuality. Beginning in the 16th century, lawmakers in Britain began to categorize homosexual behaviour as criminal rather than simply immoral. In the s, during the reign of Henry VIII , England passed the Buggery Act, which made sexual relations between men a criminal offense punishable by death. In Britain sodomy remained a capital offense punishable by hanging until
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Globalization and the Mobilization of Gay and Lesbian Communities
LGBT Social Movements - Sociology - Oxford Bibliographies
Social movements may focus on equal rights, such as the s movement for same-sex marriage, or they may focus on liberation, as in the gay liberation movement of the s and s. Earlier movements focused on self-help and self-acceptance, such as the homophile movement of the s. Although there is not a primary or an overarching central organization that represents all LGBT people and their interests, numerous LGBT rights organizations are active worldwide. The earliest organizations to support LGBT rights were formed in the early 20th century. Sociologist Mary Bernstein writes: "For the lesbian and gay movement, then, cultural goals include but are not limited to challenging dominant constructions of masculinity and femininity , homophobia , and the primacy of the gendered heterosexual nuclear family heteronormativity.
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LGBT social movements
It makes the argument that the LGBT movement has established itself in the political spatialities found in Washington D. The paper identifies a new trend in the LGBT movement whereby the movement uses networks to manoeuvre in political spaces and places to bring about political change. The data used to establish these findings in the research consist of interviews with former and current Members of the United States Congress, Senate and House senior staff and leading LGBT organisations based in Washington D. The analysis of the data is presented in three ways: how LGBT movement networks are situated in political institutions, how inter-organisational networks collaborate and how LGBT movement networks move in political spatialities. New social movements are becoming ever more engaged with the political life of the State and becoming involved with federal governments Nicholls, ; Nicholls,
The study of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender LGBT social movements mostly emerges out of the sociological study of social movements, although historians have written a number of texts focusing on the history of the movement. The LGBT movement has transformed dramatically throughout time; contemporary queer politics would be incomprehensible to homophile activists mobilizing after World War II. At any given moment, the movement has diversity within it in terms of participants, agendas, tactics, and collective identities; in the early s, within the one social movement there were lesbian feminists and gay liberationists organizing more radical politics, homophile activists taking more moderate approaches to visibility, and the beginnings of the modern liberal gay rights movements.
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