Asian horned toad
The horned toad assemblage, genus Megophrys sensu lato, currently includes three groups previously recognized as the genera Atympanophrys, Xenophrys and Megophrys sensu stricto. The taxonomic status and species composition of the three groups remain controversial due to conflicting phenotypic analyses and insufficient phylogenetic reconstruction; likewise, the position of the monotypic Borneophrys remains uncertain with respect to the horned toads. Further, the diversity of the horned toads remains poorly understood, especially for widespread species. Herein, we evaluate species-level diversity based on 45 of the 57 described species from throughout southern China, Southeast Asia and the Himalayas using Bayesian inference trees and the Generalized Mixed Yule Coalescent GMYC approach. We estimate the phylogeny using both mitochondrial and nuclear DNA data. Analyses reveal statistically significant mito-nuclear discordance.
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Mindanao horned frog
Four new species of Asian horned toads (Anura, Megophryidae, Megophrys) from southern China
Recent phylogenetic analysis encompassing multilocus nuclear-gene and matrilineal mtDNA genealogy has revealed a series of cryptic species of the subgenus Panophrys within genus Megophrys from southern and eastern China. The descriptions of these species take the number of Megophrys species to , 46 of which belong to the subgenus Panophrys. Although morphological identifications on Megophrys species are not easy Li et al. During our herpetological surveys in the hilly areas among Guangdong, Guangxi and Hunan, southern China Fig. These specimens morphologically belong to genus Megophrys but could not be assigned to any recognized species by the combinations of characteristics. Furthermore, the phylogenetic analysis encompassing multilocus nuclear-gene and matrilineal mtDNA genealogy conducted by Liu et al. In this study, as a follow-up work on this series of specimens, we provide the additional morphological comparisons and descriptions to substantiate the recognition of these four cryptic species of Panophrys from southern China.
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Megophryidae - South Asian Frogs
JODI J. May , Apr. Tweets by Zootaxa.
The Mindanao horned frog or Southeast Asian horned toad Megophrys stejnegeri is a species of amphibian in the family Megophryidae. It is endemic to the Philippines. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests , rivers, and intermittent rivers.
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